The Wilai Foundation Ltd.'s Constitution

 

 

Australian Company Number (ACN) 615 755 318 
Australian Business Number (ABN) 896 15755 318 
A company limited by guarantee 

Table of contents

 

Preliminary 

1         Name of the company 

2         Type of company 

3         Limited liability of members 

4         The guarantee  

5         Definitions 

Charitable purposes and powers 

6         Object 

7         Powers  

8         Not-for-profit 

9         Amending the constitution 

Members 

10     Membership and register of members 

11     Who can be a member 

12     How to apply to become a member 

13     Directors decide whether to approve membership 

14     When a person becomes a member 

15     When a person stops being a member 

Dispute resolution and disciplinary procedures 

16     Dispute resolution  

17     Disciplining members 

General meetings of members  

18     General meetings called by directors  

19     General meetings called by members 

20     Annual general meeting 

21     Notice of general meetings 

22     Quorum at general meetings  

23     Auditor's right to attend meetings 

24     Representatives of members 

25     Using technology to hold meetings 

26     Chairperson for general meetings  

27     Role of the chairperson 

28     Adjournment of meetings 

Members’ resolutions and statements  

29     Members' resolutions and statements 

30     Company must give notice of proposed resolution or distribute statement 

31     Circular resolutions of members 

Voting at general meetings  

32     How many votes a member has 

33     Challenge to member’s right to vote 

34     How voting is carried out  

35     When and how a vote in writing must be held  

36     Appointment of proxy  

37     Voting by proxy 

Directors  

38     Number of directors 

39     Election and appointment of directors 

40     Election of chairperson  

41     Term of office 

42     When a director stops being a director 

Powers of directors  

43     Powers of directors  

44     Delegation of directors’ powers 

45     Payments to directors 

46     Execution of Documents 

Duties of directors  

47     Duties of directors 

48     Conflicts of interest 

Directors’ meetings  

49     When the directors meet 

50     Calling directors’ meetings 

51     Chairperson for directors meetings  

52     Quorum at directors' meetings  

53     Using technology to hold directors' meetings 

54     Passing directors' resolutions  

55     Circular resolutions of directors 

Secretary  

56     Appointment and role of secretary 

Minutes and records  

57     Minutes and records 

58     Financial and related records 

By-laws 

59     By-laws 

Notice 

60     What is notice 

61     Notice to the company  

62     Notice to members  

63     When notice is taken to be given 

Financial year 

64     Company's financial year 

Indemnity, insurance and access 

65     Indemnity 

66     Insurance 

67     Directors' access to documents 

Winding up 

68     Surplus assets not to be distributed to members 

69     Distribution of surplus assets 

Definitions and interpretation 

70     Definitions 

71     Reading this constitution with the Corporations Act  

72     Interpretation 

 

 


Preliminary 

1.       Name of the company

The name of the company is Wilai Foundation Ltd. (the company). 

2.       Type of company 

The company is a not-for-profit public company limited by guarantee which is established to be, and to continue as, a charity.  

3.       Limited liability of members 

The liability of members is limited to the amount of the guarantee in clause 4. 

4.       The guarantee  

Each member must contribute an amount not more than $10 (the guarantee) to the property of the company ifthe company is wound up while the member is a member, or within 12 months after they stop being a member, andthis contribution is required to pay for the: 

(a)         debts and liabilities of the company incurred before the member stopped being a member, or 

(b)         costs of winding up. 

5.       Definitions 

In this constitution, words and phrases have the meaning set out in clauses 70 and 72

Charitable purposes and powers 

6.       Objects

The company is established for the public charitable purposes to 

6.1          Provide non-religious support to any stateless person (with priority given to female orphan children) principally in Thailand and Myanmar or any other country.  Such support includes, but is not limited to, facilitating the attainment of human rights regardless of age, sex, ethnic background, religion, political beliefs, marital status or sexual orientation; 

6.2          support education for stateless children through scholarship funds; 

The Wilai Foundation Ltd is established to be a charity with the secondary purposes of promoting and protecting human rights by: 

6.3          acting as an advocate for orphan stateless children from Thailand and Myanmar; 

6.4          education and the raising of community awareness of the plight of those persons who are stateless; 

6.5          promoting reform to ensure that every child’s birth is registered, regardless of the child’s (or the child’s parents’) legal status (including nationality or statelessness) and to ensure proof of birth and identity is documented for all children; 

6.6          conducting research to increase the understanding of statelessness and to developing solutions; 

and to do all acts as may be reasonably necessary to achieve the objects of the Corporation, or objects incidental thereto. 

7.       Powers 

Subject to clause 8, the company has the following powers, which may only be used to carry out its purposes set out in clause 6:  

(a)         the powers of an individual, and 

(b)         all the powers of a company limited by guarantee under the Corporations Act. 

(c)          raise funds or encourage contributions by way of gifts (by will or otherwise), 

grants, sponsorships or otherwise, by personal or public appeals or by any other manner; 

(d)         arrange conferences, meetings and other forums; and do all other things that are incidental or conducive to carrying out the company’s purposes. 

8.       Not-for-profit 

8.1               The company must not distribute any income or assets directly or indirectly to its members, except as provided in clauses 8.2and 69. 

8.2               Clause 8.1does not stop the company from doing the following things, provided they are done in good faith: 

(a)         paying a member for goods or services they have provided or expenses they have properly incurred at fair and reasonable rates or rates more favourable to the company, or 

(b)         making a payment to a member in carrying out the company’s charitable purpose(s).

 

9.       Amending the constitution 

9.1               Subject to clause 9.2, the members may amend this constitution by passing a special resolution

9.2               The members must not pass a special resolution that amends this constitution if passing it causes the company to no longer be a charity. 

Members 

10.   Membership and register of members 

10.1           The members of the company are: 

(a)         initial members, and 

(b)         any other person that the directors allow to be a member, in accordance with this constitution

10.2           The membership of the company shall be divided into two classes of membership; namely “Founding Members” and “Ordinary Members”.  The directors may in their absolute discretion determine to create additional classes of membership.  Where the directors create additional classes of membership, the directors will determine the initial rights and duties of each class of member and the qualification for membership of each class. 

10.3          The company must establish and maintain a register of members.  The register of members must be kept by the secretary and must contain: 

(a)         for each current member: 

i.                     name 

ii.                   address 

iii.                 any alternative address nominated by the member for the service of notices, and  

iv.                 class of member (if applicable) 

v.                   date the member was entered on to the register. 

(b)         for each person who stopped being a member in the last 7 years: 

i.                     name 

ii.                   address 

iii.                 any alternative address nominated by the member for the service of notices, and  

iv.                 dates the membership started and ended. 

10.4          The company must give current members access to the register of members.  

10.5          Information that is accessed from the register of members must only be used in a manner relevant to the interests or rights of members. 

11.   Who can be a member 

11.1           A person who supports the purposes of the company is eligible to apply to be a member of the company under clause 12. 

11.2           In this clause, ‘person’ means an individual or incorporated body. 

12.   How to apply to become a member 

A person (as defined in clause 11.2) must apply in the form and manner decided by the directors and state that they: 

(a)         want to become a member 

(b)         support the purposes of the company, and 

(c)          agree to comply with the company’s constitution, including paying the guarantee under clause 4 if required. 

13.   Directors decide whether to approve membership 

13.1           The directors must consider an application for membership within a reasonable time after the secretary receives the application. 

13.2           If the directors approve an application, the secretary must as soon as possible: 

(a)         enter the new member on the register of members, and 

(b)         write to the applicant to tell them that their application was approved, and the date that their membership started (see clause 14). 

13.3           If the directors reject an application, the secretary must write to the applicant as soon as possible to tell them that their application has been rejected, but does not have to give reasons. 

13.4           For the avoidance of doubt, the directors may approve an application even if the application does not state the matters listed in clauses 12(a) or 12(b).  In that case, by applying to be a member, the applicant agrees to those three matters. 

14.   When a person becomes a member 

Other than initial members, an applicant will become a member when they are entered on the register of members. 

15.   When a person stops being a member 

A person immediately stops being a member if they: 

(a)    die  

(b)    are wound up or otherwise dissolved or deregistered (for an incorporated member) 

(c)     resign, by writing to the secretary 

(d)    are expelled under clause 17, or 

(e)    have not responded within three months to a written request from the secretary that they confirm in writing that they want to remain a member. 

Dispute resolution and disciplinary procedures 

16.   Dispute resolution  

16.1           The dispute resolution procedure in this clause applies to disputes (disagreements) under this constitution between a member or director and: 

(a)         one or more members 

(b)         one or more directors, or 

(c)          the company

16.2           A member must not start a dispute resolution procedure in relation to a matter which is the subject of a disciplinary procedure under clause 17 until the disciplinary procedure is completed. 

16.3           Those involved in the dispute must try to resolve it between themselves within 14 days of knowing about it. 

16.4           If those involved in the dispute do not resolve it under clause 16.3, they must within 10 days: 

(a)         tell the directors about the dispute in writing 

(b)         agree or request that a mediator be appointed, and 

(c)          attempt in good faith to settle the dispute by mediation. 

16.5           The mediator must: 

(a)         be chosen by agreement of those involved, or 

(b)         where those involved do not agree: 

i.                     for disputes between members, a person chosen by the directors,or 

ii.                   for other disputes, a person chosen by either the Commissioner of the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission or the president of the law institute or society in the state or territory in which the company has its registered office. 

16.6           A mediator chosen by the directors under clause 16.5(b)(i):  

(a)         may be a member or former member of the company 

(b)         must not have a personal interest in the dispute, and 

(c)          must not be biased towards or against anyone involved in the dispute. 

16.7           When conducting the mediation, the mediator must: 

(a)         allow those involved a reasonable chance to be heard 

(b)         allow those involved a reasonable chance to review any written statements 

(c)          ensure that those involved are given natural justice, and 

(d)         not make a decision on the dispute. 

17.   Disciplining members 

17.1           In accordance with this clause, the directors may resolve to warn, suspend or expel a member from the company if the directors consider that: 

(a)         the member has breached this constitution, or  

(b)         the member’s behaviour is causing, has caused, or is likely to cause harm to the company.  

17.2           At least 14 days before the directors’ meeting at which a resolution under clause 17.1 will be considered, the secretary must notify the member in writing: 

(a)         that the directors are considering a resolution to warn, suspend or expel the member 

(b)         that this resolution will be considered at a directors’ meeting and the date of that meeting 

(c)          what the member is said to have done or not done  

(d)         the nature of the resolution that has been proposed, and 

(e)         that the member may provide an explanation to the directors, and details of how to do so. 

17.3           Before the directors pass any resolution under clause 17.1, the member must be given a chance to explain or defend themselves by: 

(a)         sending the directors a written explanation before that directors’ meeting, and/or 

(b)         speaking at the meeting. 

17.4           After considering any explanation under clause 17.3, the directors may: 

(a)         take no further action 

(b)         warn the member 

(c)          suspend the member’s rights as a member for a period of no more than 12 months 

(d)         expel the member  

(e)         refer the decision to an unbiased, independent person on conditions that the directors consider appropriate (however, the person can only make a decision that the directors could have made under this clause), or 

(f)           require the matter to be determined at a general meeting

17.5           The directors cannot fine a member. 

17.6           The secretary must give written notice to the member of the decision under clause 17.4 as soon as possible. 

17.7           Disciplinary procedures must be completed as soon as reasonably practical. 

17.8           There will be no liability for any loss or injury suffered by the member as a result of any decision made in good faith under this clause. 

General meetings of members 

18.   General meetings called by directors  

18.1           The directors may call a general meeting

18.2           If members with at least 5% of the votes that may be cast at a general meeting make a written request to the company for a general meeting to be held, the directors must: 

(a)         within 21 days of the members’ request, give all members notice of a general meeting, and  

(b)         hold the general meeting within 2 months of the members’ request. 

18.3           The percentage of votes that members have (in clause 18.2) is to be worked out as at midnight before the members request the meeting. 

18.4           The members who make the request for a general meeting must:  

(a)         state in the request any resolution to be proposed at the meeting  

(b)         sign the request, and  

(c)          give the request to the company. 

18.5           Separate copies of a document setting out the request may be signed by members if the wording of the request is the same in each copy. 

19.   General meetings called by members 

19.1           If the directors do not call the meeting within 21 days of being requested under clause 18.2, 50% or more of the members who made the request may call and arrange to hold a general meeting.  

19.2          To call and hold a meeting under clause 19.1 the members must: 

(a)         as far as possible, follow the procedures for general meetings set out in this constitution  

(b)         call the meeting using the list of members on the company’s member register, which the company must provide to the members making the request at no cost, and  

(c)          hold the general meeting within three months after the request was given to the company

19.3           The company must pay the members who request the general meeting any reasonable expenses they incur because the directors did not call and hold the meeting. 

20.   Annual general meeting 

20.1           A general meeting, called the annual general meeting, must be held:  

(a)         within 18 months after registration of the company, and 

(b)         after the first annual general meeting, at least once in every calendar year.   

20.2           Even if these items are not set out in the notice of meeting, the business of an annual general meeting may include: 

(a)         a review of the company’s activities  

(b)         a review of the company’s finances 

(c)          any auditor’s report 

(d)         the election of directors, and 

(e)         the appointment and payment of auditors, if any. 

20.3           Before or at the annual general meeting, the directors must give information to the members on the company’s activities and finances during the period since the last annual general meeting

20.4           The chairperson of the annual general meeting must give members as a whole a reasonable opportunity at the meeting to ask questions or make comments about the management of the company

21.   Notice of general meetings 

21.1           Notice of a general meeting must be given to:  

(a)         each member entitled to vote at the meeting  

(b)         each director, and  

(c)          the auditor (if any). 

21.2         Notice of a general meeting must be provided in writing at least 21 days before the meeting. 

21.3         Subject to clause 21.4, notice of a meeting may be provided less than 21 days before the meeting if: 

(a)         for an annual general meeting, all the members entitled to attend and vote at the annual general meeting agree beforehand, or 

(b)         for any other general meeting, members with at least 95% of the votes that may be cast at the meeting agree beforehand. 

21.4         Notice of a meeting cannot be provided less than 21 days before the meeting if a resolution will be moved to: 

(a)         remove a director  

(b)         appoint a director in order to replace a director who was removed, or 

(c)          remove an auditor. 

21.5         Notice of a general meeting must include: 

(a)         the place, date and time for the meeting (and if the meeting is to be held in two or more places, the technology that will be used to facilitate this) 

(b)         the general nature of the meeting’s business 

(c)          if applicable, that a special resolution is to be proposed and the words of the proposed resolution 

(d)         a statement that members have the right to appoint proxies and that, if a member appoints a proxy: 

i.                     the proxy does not need to be a member of the company  

ii.                   the proxy form must be delivered to the company at its registered address or the address (including an electronic address) specified in the notice of the meeting, and   

iii.                 the proxy form must be delivered to the company at least 48 hours before the meeting.  

21.6           If a general meeting is adjourned (put off) for one month or more, the members must be given new notice of the resumed meeting. 

22.   Quorum at general meetings  

22.1           For a general meeting to be held, at least 3 members (a quorum) must be present (in person, by proxy or by representative) for the whole meeting.  When determining whether a quorum is present, a person may only be counted once (even if that person is a representative or proxy of more than one member). 

22.2           No business may be conducted at a general meeting if a quorum is not present. 

22.3           If there is no quorum present within 30 minutes after the starting time stated in the notice of general meeting, the general meeting is adjourned to the date, time and place that the chairperson specifies. If the chairperson does not specify one or more of those things, the meeting is adjourned to: 

(a)         if the date is not specified – the same day in the next week 

(b)         if the time is not specified – the same time, and 

(c)          if the place is not specified – the same place.  

22.4           If no quorum is present at the resumed meeting within 30 minutes after the starting time set for that meeting, the meeting is cancelled. 

23.   Auditor's right to attend meetings 

23.1           The auditor (if any) is entitled to attend any general meeting and to be heard by the members on any part of the business of the meeting that concerns the auditor in the capacity of auditor. 

23.2           The company must give the auditor (if any) any communications relating to the general meeting that a member of the company is entitled to receive.   

24.   Representatives of members 

24.1           An incorporated member may appoint as a representative:  

(a)         one individual to represent the member at meetings and to sign circular resolutions under clause 31, and  

(b)         the same individual or another individual for the purpose of being appointed or elected as a director. 

24.2           The appointment of a representative by a member must: 

(a)         be in writing 

(b)         include the name of the representative 

(c)          be signed on behalf of the member, and 

(d)         be given to the company or, for representation at a meeting, be given to the chairperson before the meeting starts. 

24.3           A representative has all the rights of a member relevant to the purposes of the appointment as a representative. 

24.4           The appointment may be standing (ongoing). 

25.   Using technology to hold meetings 

25.1           The company may hold a general meeting at two or more venues using any technology that gives the members as a whole a reasonable opportunity to participate, including to hear and be heard.   

25.2           Anyone using this technology is taken to be present in person at the meeting.  

26.   Chairperson for general meetings 

26.1           The elected chairperson is entitled to chair general meetings. 

26.2           The members present and entitled to vote at a general meeting may choose a director or member to be the chairperson for that meeting if: 

(a)         there is no elected chairperson, or  

(b)         the elected chairperson is not present within 30 minutes after the starting time set for the meeting, or 

(c)          the elected chairperson is present but says they do not wish to act as chairperson of the meeting.  

27.   Role of the chairperson 

27.1           The chairperson is responsible for the conduct of the general meeting, and for this purpose must give members a reasonable opportunity to make comments and ask questions (including to the auditor (if any)).  

27.2           The chairperson does not have a casting vote.  

28.   Adjournment of meetings 

28.1           If a quorum is present, a general meeting must be adjourned if a majority of members present direct the chairperson to adjourn it.  

28.2           Only unfinished business may be dealt with at a meeting resumed after an adjournment.  

 

Members’ resolutions and statements 

29.   Members' resolutions and statements 

29.1           Members with at least 5% of the votes that may be cast on a resolution may give: 

(a)         written notice to the company of a resolution they propose to move at a general meeting (members’ resolution), and/or 

(b)         a written request to the company that the company give all of its members a statement about a proposed resolution or any other matter that may properly be considered at a general meeting (members’ statement). 

29.2           A notice of a members’ resolution must set out the wording of the proposed resolution and be signed by the members proposing the resolution. 

29.3           A request to distribute a members’ statement must set out the statement to be distributed and be signed by the members making the request. 

29.4           Separate copies of a document setting out the notice or request may be signed by members if the wording is the same in each copy. 

29.5           The percentage of votes that members have (as described in clause 29.1) is to be worked out as at midnight before the request or notice is given to the company

29.6           If the company has been given notice of a members' resolution under clause 29.1(a), the resolution must be considered at the next general meeting held more than two months after the notice is given. 

29.7           This clause does not limit any other right that a member has to propose a resolution at a general meeting

30.   Company must give notice of proposed resolution or distribute statement 

30.1           If the company has been given a notice or request under clause29

(a)         in time to send the notice of proposed members’ resolution or a copy of the members' statement to members with a notice of meeting, it must do so at the company’s cost, or 

(b)         too late to send the notice of proposed members’ resolution or a copy of the members' statement to members with a notice of meeting, then the members who proposed the resolution or made the request must pay the expenses reasonably incurred by the company in giving members notice of the proposed members’ resolution or a copy of the members' statement.  However, at a general meeting, the members may pass a resolution that the company will pay these expenses.   

30.2           The company does not need to send the notice of proposed members’ resolution or a copy of the members' statement to members if:  

(a)         it is more than 1 000 words long 

(b)         the directors consider it may be defamatory 

(c)          clause  30.1(b) applies, and the members who proposed the resolution or made the request have not paid the company enough money to cover the cost of sending the notice of the proposed members’ resolution or a copy of the members' statement to members, or 

(d)         in the case of a proposed members’ resolution, the resolution does not relate to a matter that may be properly considered at a general meeting or is otherwise not a valid resolution able to be put to the members.  

31.   Circular resolutions of members 

31.1           Subject to clause 31.3, the directors may put a resolution to the members to pass a resolution without a general meeting being held (a circular resolution).   

31.2           The directors must notify the auditor (if any) as soon as possible that a circular resolution has or will be put to members, and set out the wording of the resolution.  

31.3           Circular resolutions cannot be used: 

(a)         for a resolution to remove an auditor, appoint a director or remove a director 

(b)         for passing a special resolution, or  

(c)          where the Corporations Actor this constitution requires a meeting to be held.  

31.4           A circular resolution is passed if all the members entitled to vote on the resolution sign or agree to the circular resolution, in the manner set out in clause 31.5or clause 31.6.   

31.5           Members may sign: 

(a)         a single document setting out the circular resolution and containing a statement that they agree to the resolution, or 

(b)         separate copies of that document, as long as the wording is the same in each copy. 

31.6           The company may send a circular resolution by email to members and members may agree by sending a reply email to that effect, including the text of the resolution in their reply. 

Voting at general meetings 

32.   How many votes a member has 

Subject to the class of membership, each member has one vote. 

33.   Challenge to member’s right to vote 

33.1           A member or the chairperson may only challenge a person’s right to vote at a general meetingat that meeting. 

33.2           If a challenge is made under clause 33.1, the chairperson must decide whether or not the person may vote. The chairperson’s decision is final.  

34.   How voting is carried out  

34.1         Voting must be conducted and decided by:  

(a)         a show of hands 

(b)         a vote in writing, or 

(c)          another method chosen by the chairperson that is fair and reasonable in the circumstances. 

34.2           Before a vote is taken, the chairperson must state whether any proxy votes have been received and, if so, how the proxy votes will be cast. 

34.3           On a show of hands, the chairperson’s decision is conclusive evidence of the result of the vote.  

34.4           The chairperson and the meeting minutes do not need to state the number or proportion of the votes recorded in favour or against on a show of hands.  

35.   When and how a vote in writing must be held  

35.1         A vote in writing may be demanded on any resolution instead of or after a vote by a show of hands by: 

(a)         at least five members present  

(b)         members present with at least 5% of the votes that may be passed on the resolution on the vote in writing (worked out as at the midnight before the vote in writing is demanded), or 

(c)          the chairperson. 

35.2           A vote in writing must be taken when and how the chairperson directs, unless clause 35.3applies. 

35.3           A vote in writing must be held immediately if it is demanded under clause 35.1: 

(a)         for the election of a chairperson under clause 26.2, or 

(b)         to decide whether to adjourn the meeting. 

35.4           A demand for a vote in writing may be withdrawn.  

36.   Appointment of proxy  

36.1           A member may appoint a proxy to attend and vote at a general meeting on their behalf.   

36.2           A proxy does not need to be a member. 

36.3           A proxy appointed to attend and vote for a member has the same rights as the member to: 

(a)         speak at the meeting 

(b)         vote in a vote in writing (but only to the extent allowed by the appointment), and 

(c)          join in to demand a vote in writing under clause 35.1

36.4           An appointment of proxy (proxy form) must be signed by the member appointing the proxy and must contain: 

(a)         the member’s name and address 

(b)         the company’s name 

(c)          the proxy’s name or the name of the office held by the proxy, and 

(d)         the meeting(s) at which the appointment may be used. 

36.5           A proxy appointment may be standing (ongoing). 

36.6           Proxy forms must be received by the company at the address stated in the notice under clause 21.5(d)or at the company’s registered address at least 48 hours before a meeting.  

36.7           A proxy does not have the authority to speak and vote for a member at a meeting while the member is at the meeting. 

36.8           Unless the company receives written notice before the start or resumption of a general meeting at which a proxy votes, a vote cast by the proxy is valid even if, before the proxy votes, the appointing member: 

(a)         dies 

(b)         is mentally incapacitated  

(c)          revokes the proxy’s appointment, or 

(d)         revokes the authority of a representative or agent who appointed the proxy. 

36.9           A proxy appointment may specify the way the proxy must vote on a particular resolution.  

37.   Voting by proxy 

37.1           A proxy is not entitled to vote on a show of hands (but this does not prevent a member appointed as a proxy from voting as a member on a show of hands). 

37.2           When a vote in writing is held, a proxy: 

(a)         does not need to vote, unless the proxy appointment specifies the way they must vote 

(b)         if the way they must vote is specified on the proxy form, must vote that way, and 

(c)          if the proxy is also a member or holds more than one proxy, may cast the votes held in different ways. 

Directors  

38.   Number of directors 

The company must have at least three and no more than nine directors. 

39.   Election and appointment of directors  

39.1           The initial directors are the people who have agreed to act as directors and who are named as proposed directors in the application for registration of the company. 

39.2           Apart from the initial directors and directors appointed under clause 39.5, the members may elect a director by a resolution passed in a general meeting.  

39.3           Each of the directors must be appointed by a separate resolution, unless: 

(a)         the members present have first passed a resolution that the appointments may be voted on together, and 

(b)         no votes were cast against that resolution. 

39.4           A person is eligible for election as a director of the company if they: 

(a)         are eligible to be a member of the company, or a representative of a member of the company (appointed under clause 24) 

(b)         are nominated by two members or representatives of members entitled to vote (unless the person was previously elected as a director at a general meeting and has been a director since that meeting), 

(c)          give the company their signed consent to act as a director of the company, and 

(d)         are not ineligible to be a director under the Corporations Act or the ACNC Act. 

39.5           The directors may appoint a person as a director to fill a casual vacancy or as an additional director if that person: 

(a)         is eligible to be a member of the company, or a representative of a member of the company (appointed under clause 24)  

(b)         gives the company their signed consent to act as a director of the company, and 

(c)          is not ineligible to be a director under the Corporations Act or the ACNC Act.   

39.6           If the number of directors is reduced to fewer than three or is less than the number required for a quorum, the continuing directors may act for the purpose of increasing the number of directors to three (or higher if required for a quorum) or calling a general meeting, but for no other purpose. 

40.   Election of chairperson 

The directors must elect a director as the company’s elected chairperson.  

41.   Term of office 

41.1           At each annual general meeting: 

(a)         any director appointed by the directors to fill a casual vacancy or as an additional director must retire and is eligible for re-election. 

42.   When a director stops being a director 

A director stops being a director if they:  

(a)         give written notice of resignation as a director to the company  

(b)         die 

(c)          are removed as a director by a resolution of the members 

(d)         stop being a member of the company  

(e)         are a representative of a member, and that member stops being a member 

(f)           are a representative of a member, and the member notifies the company that the representative is no longer a representative  

(g)         are absent for 3 consecutive directors’ meetings without approval from the directors, or 

(h)         become ineligible to be a director of the company under the Corporations Act or the ACNC Act.  

Powers of directors 

43.   Powers of directors  

43.1           The directors are responsible for managing and directing the activities of the company to achieve the purposes set out in clause 6

43.2           The directors may use all the powers of the company except for powers that, under the Corporations Act or this constitution, may only be used by members. 

43.3           The directors must decide on the responsible financial management of the company including: 

(a)         any suitable written delegations of power under clause 44, and 

(b)         how money will be managed, such as how electronic transfers, negotiable instruments or cheques must be authorised and signed or otherwise approved. 

43.4           The directors cannot remove a director or auditor.  Directors and auditors may only be removed by a members’ resolution at a general meeting.  

44.   Delegation of directors’ powers 

44.1           The directors may delegate any of their powers and functions to a committee, a director, an employee of the company (such as a chief executive officer) or any other person, as they consider appropriate. 

44.2           The delegation must be recorded in the company’s minute book.  

45.   Payments to directors 

45.1           The company must not pay fees to a director for acting as a director. 

45.2           The company may: 

(a)         pay a director for work they do for the company, other than as a director, if the amount is no more than a reasonable fee for the work done, or 

(b)         reimburse a director for expenses properly incurred by the director in connection with the affairs of the company. 

45.3           Any payment made under clause 45.2must be approved by the directors. 

45.4           The company may pay premiums for insurance indemnifying directors, as allowed for by law (including the Corporations Act) and this constitution. 

46.   Execution of documents 

The company may execute a document without using a common seal if the document is signed by: 

(a)         two directors of the company, or 

(b)         a director and the secretary. 

Duties of directors 

47.   Duties of directors 

The directors must comply with their duties as directors under legislation and common law (judge-made law), and with the duties described in governance standard 5 of the regulations made under the ACNC Act which are: 

(a)         to exercise their powers and discharge their duties with the degree of care and diligence that a reasonable individual would exercise if they were a director of the company 

(b)         to act in good faith in the best interests of the company and to further the charitable purpose(s) of the company set out in clause 6 

(c)          not to misuse their position as a director 

(d)         not to misuse information they gain in their role as a director 

(e)         to disclose any perceived or actual material conflicts of interest in the manner set out in clause 48 

(f)           to ensure that the financial affairs of the company are managed responsibly, and 

(g)         not to allow the company to operate while it is insolvent. 

48.   Conflicts of interest 

48.1           A director must disclose the nature and extent of any actual or perceived material conflict of interest in a matter that is being considered at a meeting of directors (or that is proposed in a circular resolution): 

(a)         to the other directors, or 

(b)         if all of the directors have the same conflict of interest, to the members at the next general meeting, or at an earlier time if reasonable to do so. 

48.2           The disclosure of a conflict of interest by a director must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting. 

48.3           Each director who has a material personal interest in a matter that is being considered at a meeting of directors (or that is proposed in a circular resolution) must not, except as provided under clauses 48.4: 

(a)         be present at the meeting while the matter is being discussed, or  

(b)         vote on the matter. 

48.4           A director may still be present and vote if: 

(a)         their interest arises because they are a member of the company, and the other members have the same interest 

(b)         their interest relates to an insurance contract that insures, or would insure, the director against liabilities that the director incurs as a director of the company (see clause 66

(c)          their interest relates to a payment by the company under clause 65 (indemnity), or any contract relating to an indemnity that is allowed under the Corporations Act 

(d)         the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) makes an order allowing the director to vote on the matter, or 

(e)         the directors who do not have a material personal interest in the matter pass a resolution that: 

(i)                  identifies the director, the nature and extent of the director’s interest in the matter and how it relates to the affairs of the company, and 

(ii)                says that those directors are satisfied that the interest should not stop the director from voting or being present. 

Directors’ meetings 

49.   When the directors meet 

The directors may decide how often, where and when they meet.  

50.   Calling directors’ meetings  

50.1           A director may call a directors’ meeting by giving reasonable notice to all of the other directors.  

50.2           A director may give notice in writing or by any other means of communication that has previously been agreed to by all of the directors.  

51.   Chairperson for directors’ meetings  

51.1           The elected chairperson is entitled to chair directors’ meetings. 

51.2           The directors at a directors’ meeting may choose a director to be the chairperson for that meeting if the elected chairperson is: 

(a)         not present within 30 minutes after the starting time set for the meeting, or 

(b)         present but does not want to act as chairperson of the meeting. 

52.    Quorum at directors’ meetings  

52.1           Unless the directors determine otherwise, the quorum for a directors’ meeting is a majority (more than 50%) of directors.  

52.2           A quorum must be present for the whole directors’ meeting.  

53.   Using technology to hold directors’ meetings 

53.1           The directors may hold their meetings by using any technology (such as video or teleconferencing) that is agreed to by all of the directors.   

53.2           The directors’ agreement may be a standing (ongoing) one.   

53.3           A director may only withdraw their consent within a reasonable period before the meeting.  

54.   Passing directors’ resolutions  

A directors’ resolution must be passed by a majority of the votes cast by directors present and entitled to vote on the resolution.  

55.   Circular resolutions of directors 

55.1           The directors may pass a circular resolution without a directors’ meeting being held. 

55.2           A circular resolution is passed if all the directors entitled to vote on the resolution sign or otherwise agree to the resolution in the manner set out in clause 55.3 or clause 55.4

55.3           Each director may sign: 

(a)         a single document setting out the resolution and containing a statement that they agree to the resolution, or 

(b)         separate copies of that document, as long as the wording of the resolution is the same in each copy. 

55.4           The company may send a circular resolution by email to the directors and the directors may agree to the resolution by sending a reply email to that effect, including the text of the resolution in their reply. 

55.5           A circular resolution is passed when the last director signs or otherwise agrees to the resolution in the manner set out in clause 55.3 or clause 55.4. 

Secretary 

56.   Appointment and role of secretary 

56.1           The company must have at least one secretary, who may also be a director. 

56.2           A secretary must be appointed by the directors (after giving the company their signed consent to act as secretary of the company) and may be removed by the directors.   

56.3           The directors must decide the terms and conditions under which the secretary is appointed, including any remuneration. 

56.4           The role of the secretary includes:  

(a)         maintaining a register of the company’s members, and 

(b)         maintaining the minutes and other records of general meetings (including notices of meetings), directors’ meetings and circular resolutions. 

Minutes and records 

57.   Minutes and records 

57.1           The company must, within one month, make and keep the following records: 

(a)         minutes of proceedings and resolutions of general meetings 

(b)         minutes of circular resolutions of members 

(c)          a copy of a notice of each general meeting, and 

(d)         a copy of a members’ statement distributed to members under clause 30

57.2           The company must, within one month, make and keep the following records: 

(a)         minutes of proceedings and resolutions of directors’ meetings (including meetings of any committees), and 

(b)         minutes of circular resolutions of directors. 

57.3           To allow members to inspect the company’s records:  

(a)         the company must give a member access to the records set out in clause 57.1, and 

(b)         the directors may authorise a member to inspect other records of the company, including records referred to in clause 57.2and clause 58.1.  

57.4           The directors must ensure that minutes of a general meeting or a directors’ meeting are signed within a reasonable time after the meeting by: 

(a)         the chairperson of the meeting, or 

(b)         the chairperson of the next meeting. 

57.5           The directors must ensure that minutes of the passing of a circular resolution (of members or directors) are signed by a director within a reasonable time after the resolution is passed. 

58.   Financial and related records 

58.1           The company must make and keep written financial records that: 

(a)         correctly record and explain its transactions and financial position and performance, and

(b)         enable true and fair financial statements to be prepared and to be audited.

58.2           The company must also keep written records that correctly record its operations. 

58.3           The company must retain its records for at least 7 years.

58.4           The directors must take reasonable steps to ensure that the company's records are kept safe. 

By-laws 

59.   By-laws 

59.1           The directors may pass a resolution to make by-laws to give effect to this constitution. 

59.2           Members and directors must comply with by-laws as if they were part of this constitution. 

Notice 

60.   What is notice 

60.1           Anything written to or from the company under any clause in this constitution is written notice and is subject to clauses 61to 63, unless specified otherwise.  

60.2           Clauses 61to 63do not apply to a notice of proxy under clause36.6.    

61.   Notice to the company 

Written notice or any communication under this constitution may be given to the company, the directors or the secretary by: 

(a)         delivering it to the company’s registered office 

(b)         posting it to the company’s registered office or to another address chosen by the company for notice to be provided 

(c)          sending it to an email address or other electronic address notified by the company to the members as the company’s email address or other electronic address, or 

(d)         sending it to the fax number notified by the company to the members as the company’s fax number. 

62.   Notice to members 

62.1           Written notice or any communication under this constitution may be given to a member: 

(a)         in person 

(b)         by posting it to, or leaving it at the address of the member in the register of members or an alternative address (if any) nominated by the member for service of notices 

(c)          sending it to the email or other electronic address nominated by the member as an alternative address for service of notices (if any) 

(d)         sending it to the fax number nominated by the member as an alternative address for service of notices (if any), or 

(e)         if agreed to by the member, by notifying the member at an email or other electronic address nominated by the member, that the notice is available at a specified place or address (including an electronic address). 

62.2           If the company does not have an address for the member, the company is not required to give notice in person. 

63.   When notice is taken to be given 

A notice: 

(a)         delivered in person, or left at the recipient’s address, is taken to be given on the day it is delivered 

(b)         sent by post, is taken to be given on the third day after it is posted with the correct payment of postage costs 

(c)          sent by email, fax or other electronic method, is taken to be given on the business day after it is sent, and 

(d)         given under clause 62.1(e) is taken to be given on the business day after the notification that the notice is available is sent. 

Financial year 

64.   Company's financial year 

The company's financial year is from 1 July to 30 June, unless the directors pass a resolution to change the financial year. 

Indemnity, insurance and access 

65.   Indemnity 

65.1           The company indemnifies each officer of the company out of the assets of the company, to the relevant extent, against all losses and liabilities (including costs, expenses and charges) incurred by that person as an officer of the company.    

65.2           In this clause, ‘officer’ means a director or secretary and includes a director or secretary after they have ceased to hold that office. 

65.3           In this clause, ‘to the relevant extent’ means: 

(a)         to the extent that the company is not precluded by law (including the Corporations Act) from doing so, and 

(b)         for the amount that the officer is not otherwise entitled to be indemnified and is not actually indemnified by another person (including an insurer under an insurance policy). 

65.4           The indemnity is a continuing obligation and is enforceable by an officer even though that person is no longer an officer of the company. 

66.   Insurance 

To the extent permitted by law (including the Corporations Act), and if the directors consider it appropriate, the company may pay or agree to pay a premium for a contract insuring a person who is or has been an officer of the company against any liability incurred by the person as an officer of the company.  

67.   Directors’ access to documents 

67.1           A director has a right of access to the financial records of the company at all reasonable times. 

67.2           If the directors agree, the company must give a director or former director access to:  

(a)         certain documents, including documents provided for or available to the directors, and 

(b)         any other documents referred to in those documents.  

Winding up 

68.   Surplus assets not to be distributed to members 

If the company is wound up, any surplus assets must not be distributed to a member or a former member of the company, unless that member or former member is a charity described in clause 69.1

69.   Distribution of surplus assets 

69.1           Subject to the Corporations Act and any other applicable Act, and any court order, any surplus assets that remain after the company is wound up must be distributed to one or more charities: 

(a)         with charitable purpose(s) similar to, or inclusive of, the purpose(s) in clause 6, and  

(b)         which also prohibit the distribution of any surplus assets to its members to at least the same extent as the company

(c)          that is or are deductible gift recipients within the meaning of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (Cth). 

 

69.2           The decision as to the charity or charities to be given the surplus assets must be made by a special resolution of members at or before the time of winding up.  If the members do not make this decision, the company may apply to the Supreme Court to make this decision.  

69.3           If the company’s deductible gift recipient endorsement is revoked (whether or not the company is to be wound up), any surplus gift funds must be transferred to one or more charities that meet the requirements of 70.1(a), (b) and (c), as decided by the directors. 

69.4           For the purpose of this clause: 

(a)         ‘gift funds’ means: 

69.4.a.1.          gifts of money or property for the principal purpose of the company 

69.4.a.2.          contributions made in relation to a fund-raising event held for the principal purpose of the company; and 

69.4.a.3.          money received by the company because of such gifts and contributions. 

(b)         ‘contributions' and ‘fund-raising event’ have the same meaning as in Division 30 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (Cth). 

Definitions and interpretation 

70.   Definitions 

In this constitution: 

ACNC Act means the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission Act 2012 (Cth) 

company means the company referred to in clause 1 

Corporations Act means the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) 

elected chairperson means a person elected by the directors to be the company’s chairperson under clause 40 

founding Member means a member admitted to membership of the Company within the class named “Founding Members” who shall have the right in their absolute discretion to participate in any meeting of any membership class of the company and vote at such a meeting either in person or by proxy.  Founding Members also have the sole right to vote upon resolutions in respect of the appointment or removal of a director or directors. 

general meeting means a meeting of members and includes the annual general meeting, under clause 20.1 

human rights mean those rights contained in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child, and without limiting the forgoing shall include the right to an identity, education, healthcare, adequate standard of living, family life, freedom of movement, and financial and emotional support. 

initial member means a person who is named in the application for registration of the company, with their consent, as a proposed member of the company 

member presentmeans, in connection with a general meeting, a member present in person, by representative or by proxy at the venue or venues for the meeting 

ordinary member means a member admitted to membership of the Company within the class named “Ordinary Members” who shall have the right to attend meetings of ordinary members and vote at those meetings either in person or by proxy. “Ordinary Members” do not have the right to vote upon resolutions in respect of the appointment or removal of a director or directors.
registered charity
means a charity that is registered under the ACNC Act 

special resolution means a resolution: 

i.                     of which notice has been given under clause 21.5(c), and 

ii.                   that has been passed by at least 75% of the votes cast by members present and entitled to vote on the resolution, and 

stateless means a person not recognized as a citizen of any country 

surplus assetsmeans any assets of the company that remain after paying all debts and other liabilities of the company, including the costs of winding up 

 

 

71.   Reading this constitution with the Corporations Act 

71.1           The replaceable rules set out in the Corporations Act do not apply to the company.  

71.2           While the company is a registered charity, the ACNC Act and the Corporations Act override any clauses in this constitution which are inconsistent with those Acts. 

71.3           If the company is not a registered charity (even if it remains a charity), the Corporations Act overrides any clause in this constitution which is inconsistent with that Act. 

71.4           A word or expression that is defined in the Corporations Act, or used in that Act and covering the same subject, has the same meaning as in this constitution. 

72.   Interpretation 

In this constitution

(a)         the words ‘including’, ‘for example’, or similar expressions mean that there may be more inclusions or examples than those mentioned after that expression, and 

(b)         reference to an Act includes every amendment, re-enactment, or replacement of that Act and any subordinate legislation made under that Act (such as regulations).